- Statement of Intent (SOI) with Kwakiutl Laich-Kwil-Tach Nations Treaty Society (KLNTS), which included the Tlowitsis
- Readiness Documents Submitted to BC Treaty Commission
- Agreement in Principle negotiations as part of the KLNTS
- Tlowitsis Leaves KLNTS
- New SOI Submitted
- Framework Agreement signed between Tlowitsis, Canada and BC
- This agreement sets out topics and processes for Agreement in Principle negotiations
- Agreement in Principle Negotiations between Tlowitsis, Canada and BC
Where are treaty negotiations at in 2019?
We’ve almost completed Stage 4, Agreement in Principle, of the treaty process. Canada and BC are meeting to develop land and capital transfer proposals for presentation to Tlowitsis in early summer of this year. It is important to remember that an Agreement in Principle is not a legally binding document. Rather, it is an agreement amongst the Parties that we have confidence and enough good faith in each other to go forward and finalize the negotiations for a treaty.
In addition, Tlowitsis and its partners at A’Tlegay (We Wai Kai, We Wai Kum, K’omoks, and Kwiakah have decided to pursue fisheries negotiations by way of what’s called a Reconciliation Agreement. A “Reconciliation Agreement” sets the terms for a government-to-government relationship between the BC government and the Tlowitsis First Nation. These negotiations will begin in April 2019 at a separate negotiation table. If these negotiations go well, there is a great opportunity to deliver early benefits to Tlowitsis from fisheries resources, including in fisheries management, enhanced access to licences and more.
What happens next?
Our target date for completion of Agreement in Principle negotiations is June 2019. Lands identified in the process so far have been ‘red flagged’ in the provincial government’s land database. This offers certain protections to those lands pending treaty settlement. By early fall we will be ready to sign off on the Agreement in Principle if it is acceptable and move into stage 5 negotiations.
There are several parcels of lands Tlowitsis is looking to have transferred to the nation early in Stage 5 of negotiations, through what is called an Incremental Treaty Agreement. Incremental Treaty Agreements are designed to provide economic and other benefits to First Nations ahead of treaty and to demonstrate commitment to the new relationship.
Stage 5 negotiations will include water, fiscal relations, and revenue sharing as well as more negotiations about lands, exercising rights off treaty settlement lands, co-management of lands and resources and legal and technical matters. Stage 5 delivers the treaty, a unique constitutional instrument that recognizes the rights and title of Tlowitsis and the sharing of sovereignty by agreement with the Crown.
Technical matters to be addressed in Stage 5 include treaty enrolment, treaty ratification, and the development of a treaty implementation plan. The Implementation Plan is developed by all three parties (Tlowtisis, Canada and BC) and is for monitoring and ensuring the commitments made in the treaty are honoured.